top of page
Tropical fruit

How to Reduce Constipation on GLP-1 Medication: Life Hacks 101

Living with type 2 diabetes can be a challenge, but GLP-1 (Glucagon-Like Peptide-1) medications offer a promising solution. While effectively managing blood sugar levels and promoting weight loss, these medications may come with side effects, including constipation. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the causes of constipation on GLP-1 medication and provide evidence-based strategies to effectively manage this side effect. By understanding the underlying reasons and implementing the tips provided, you can maintain digestive comfort during your journey to better blood sugar control and weight management.

Here what you need to know

Understanding GLP-1 Medications and Constipation

GLP-1 medications work by slowing down stomach emptying, which affects digestion and transit time in the intestines. This can lead to harder, drier stools and constipation. Reduced fiber intake and a feeling of fullness from GLP-1 medications can further contribute to this issue. However, with dietary and lifestyle adjustments and proper hydration, constipation on GLP-1 medication can be effectively managed.

Tips to Minimize Constipation on GLP-1 Medication

1. Stay hydrated: Drink 8-10 glasses of water daily to soften stools.
2. Eat a fiber-rich diet: Incorporate fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes to add bulk to your stool.
3. Consider a fiber supplement: If necessary, consult your healthcare provider for suitable fiber supplements to aid digestion.
4. Monitor your medication dose: Discuss with your healthcare provider the possibility of adjusting the medication dose to alleviate constipation.
5. Engage in regular exercise: Physical activity stimulates digestive muscles, promoting bowel movements.
6. Prunes and prune juice: Consume prunes or prune juice to naturally relieve constipation.
7. Over-the-counter laxatives: When needed, consult your healthcare provider for appropriate OTC laxatives.
8. Keep a food diary: Identify and eliminate any trigger foods or dietary habits that worsen constipation.
9. Be patient and consistent: It may take time to see improvements; stay committed to dietary and lifestyle changes.
10. Consult your healthcare provider: Seek personalized guidance for constipation management and medication adjustments.

Constipation can be a common side effect of GLP-1 medications, but with the right strategies in place, you can minimize its impact on your digestive health. By staying hydrated, maintaining a fiber-rich diet, monitoring medication doses, and incorporating physical activity, you can manage constipation effectively.


Remember to consult your healthcare provider for personalized guidance on managing constipation and optimizing your treatment plan. With these strategies, you can enjoy the benefits of GLP-1 therapy while maintaining comfortable digestive health throughout your diabetes management journey.

bottom of page